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A project of Wildlife Survival Fund: Investing in endangered species before it’s too late.



Geographic Location

Ruaha National Park, the associated Wildlife Management Area (WMA) and village land adjacent to the WMA, Tanzania

Focal Species

African wild dog, lion, cheetah, leopard, spotted hyena

IUCN Red List Status of Focal Species

Africa wild dog—endangered; lion—vulnerable; cheetah—vulnerable;
leopard—near threatened; spotted hyena—least concern

About the Project

Resolving human-carnivore conflict in Tanzania’s Ruaha landscape
The mission of the Ruaha Carnivore Project (RCP) is to improve the conservation status of large carnivores in Tanzania’s globally important Ruaha landscape. The primary target for the project is the monitoring and conservation of the following large carnivores; lion (Panthera leo), cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) and leopard (Panthera pardus). The project was established in 2009.

The Ruaha landscape holds some of the most important large carnivore populations left in the world, including the world’s third largest population of endangered African wild dogs, over 10% of all Africa’s remaining lions, and one of only four large cheetah populations in East Africa. However, these populations have received very little attention to date—no detailed ecological data exists on them, which has prevented the development of specific conservation plans. Furthermore, the carnivores in this area are threatened by severe conflict with local people, mainly over attacks upon livestock, few benefits associated with carnivore presence, and poor knowledge about the value of carnivore conservation.


Therefore, there are two main objectives which urgently need addressing to improve lion conservation in this important area:

  1. Provide baseline ecological data on Ruaha’s large carnivores, in order to implement conservation plans.
  2. Effectively mitigate the intense human-carnivore conflict in this area. .

African Carnivores at Woodland Park Zoo

One of the iconic predators of the Ruaha landscape can be seen at Woodland Park Zoo. Look for lions in the zoo’s award-winning African Savanna exhibit.

To learn more:

Read the African lion fact sheet